Residents and businesses can conserve, reduce waste, and practice sustainability. (2013). In 2012, at the request of the U.S. Learn about current projects in your neighborhood, across the city, and at our drinking water facilities in the region. Explore this interactive graph: Click and drag either axis to display different parts of the graph. In: Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. If melted completely, the Greenland ice sheet contains enough water to raise sea level by 5-7 meters (16-23 feet). You can tour the Cedar River Watershed and hike nearby trails. 75pp. In press. IPCC. In the natural world, rising sea level creates stress on coastal ecosystems that provide recreation, protection from storms, and habitat for fish and wildlife, including commercially valuable fisheries. Access manuals, design specifications, and guidelines to meet design and construction rules and requirements, including CAD resources. SPU also houses the Engineering Services line of business, which serves both City departments and outside agencies, providing efficient, customer-oriented engineering services that assist clients with replacing, improving, and expanding facilities with the least possible disruption to the community. Global and Regional Sea Level Rise Scenarios for the United States. The projections and scenarios are based on a 2018 Washington Coastal Resilience Project (WCRP) report ("Projected Sea Level Rise for Washington State"). Added together (purple line), these separate estimates match the observed sea level very well. Interactive Map Climate change Snapshots of a warming world. Alpine glaciers: Another decade of loss. Mailing Address: The City of Seattle makes no representations or warranty as to its accuracy, and in particular, its accuracy as to labeling, completeness, reliability, currency, dimensions, contours, property boundaries or placement of location of any map feature thereon. From our watersheds to your streets and parks, we strive to keep Seattle clean and safe. Melt streams on the Greenland Ice Sheet on July 19, 2015. View our garbage, recycling, and food & yard waste (compost) services, find the nearest transfer station (dump/landfill) for extra waste, and learn about your collection day. Both the low-end and “worst-case” possibilities were revised upward in 2017 following a review by the U.S. Interagency Sea Level Rise Taskforce. First, as the oceans warm due to an increasing global temperature, seawater expands—taking up more space in the ocean basin and causing a rise in water level. Potential Sea-Level Changes. When water shifts from land to ocean, the increase in mass increases the strength of gravity over oceans by a small amount. Volunteer to remove graffiti or join a cleaning event. By 2005, the glacier had retreated, and the lake had become a small grassland. For more detail on the data sources, see the end of the article. Climate Resilience Toolkit. Consider a water cycle diagram, like the one below; global warming is altering nearly every stage in the diagram. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA. https://www.ipcc.ch/site/assets/uploads/sites/3/2019/11/SROCC_FinalDraft_Chapter3.pdf. The more recent part of the time series is from the University of Hawaii Sea Level Center. The rising water level is mostly due to a combination of meltwater from glaciers and ice sheets and thermal expansion of seawater as it warms. ... A partial melting of this ice sheet would cause a 1-meter (3-foot) rise. Learn environmentally friendly ways you can save money on utilities. Now there's a map for that. 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Published by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. By 2005, the glacier had retreated, and the lake had become a small grassland. 37 pp. https://www.climate.gov/maps-data/dataset/sea-level-rise-map-viewer In 2019, global mean sea level was 3.4 inches (87.6 millimeters) above the 1993 average—the highest annual average in the satellite record (1993-present). All three utilities strive to operate in a cost-effective, innovative and environmentally responsible manner. Phone: (206) 684-3000. Rates of local sea level (dots) can be amplified by geological processes like ground settling or offset by processes like the centuries-long rebound of land masses from the loss of ice age glaciers. Frightening climate change map shows huge swathes of UK under water ... ice sheets and glaciers melt and warming sea water expands, ... sea levels could rise between 2ft … We are dedicated to public health and a clean environment for everyone. (2019). Pedersen Glacier, at Aialik Bay in Alaska’s Kenai Mountains, in 1917 (left) and 2005 (right). The budget of recent global sea level rise: 1995-2013. (n.d.) Sea level trends. In some ocean basins, sea level has risen 6-8 inches (15-20 centimeters). Sea level is measured by two main methods: tide gauges and satellite altimeters. [Online: https://tidesandcurrents.noaa.gov/publications/NOAA_Technical_Report_NOS_COOPS_073.pdf], Global Ocean Heat and Salt Content page at NCEI, Tides and Currents Sea Level Trends page at the National Ocean Service, Digital Coast Sea Level Rise Viewer at the Coastal Services Center, Coastal Flood Risk page at the U.S. The water along Seattle's Puget Sound shoreline has risen by more than 6 inches during the past century. Church, J. In: Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. The map illustrates how climate change could affect the global economy as regions connected by trade are affected by changes in crop yield, droughts, flooding and high temperatures. We provide construction professionals with guidelines, specifications, and permits to connect to Seattle's water and sewer systems. Nuisance flooding in Annapolis in 2012. NOAA Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services. Pörtner, D.C. Roberts, V. Masson-Delmotte, P. Zhai, M. Tignor, E. Poloczanska, K. Mintenbeck, M. Nicolai, A. Okem, J. Petzold, B. Rama, N. Weyer (eds.)]. Coastal flooding is on the rise. On future pathways with the highest greenhouse gas emissions, sea level rise could be as high as 8.2 feet (2.5 meters) above 2000 levels by 2100. (2012). Climate change encompasses not only rising average temperatures but also extreme weather events, shifting wildlife populations and habitats, rising seas, and a range of other impacts. Even if the world follows a low greenhouse gas pathway, global sea level will likely rise at least 12 inches (0.3 meters) above 2000 levels by 2100. Past and future sea level rise at specific locations on land may be more or less than the global average due to local factors: ground settling, upstream flood control, erosion, regional ocean currents, and whether the land is still rebounding from the compressive weight of Ice Age glaciers. The maps above show temperature anomalies, or changes, not absolute temperature. This is an increase of 0.24 inches (6.1 mm) from 2018. Accessed November 2, 2015. In press. Clark, A. Cazenave, J.M. Photo by Flickr user James WIlliamor, via a Creative Commons license. Global Sea Level Rise Scenarios for the US National Climate Assessment. Since the early 1990s, sea level has been measured from space using radar altimeters, which determine the height of the sea surface by measuring the return speed and intensity of a radar pulse directed at the ocean. NOAA Tech Memo OAR CPO-1. Seattle Public Utilities (SPU) knows the COVID-19 pandemic has made it harder for some of its customers to afford essential services. For example, a warmer climate causes more water to evaporate from both land and oceans; in turn, a warmer atmosphere can hold more water – roughly four percent more water for every 1ºF rise in temperature. Learn about our ongoing maintenance of these pipes and how this work can impact your neighborhood. We're here to help. There are many opportunities for you to become involved and help us keep Seattle great. As seas rise, saltwater is also contaminating freshwater aquifers, many of which sustain municipal and agricultural water supplies and natural ecosystems. Seattle Public Utilities maintains 1,600 miles of water pipes. Sign up for a utility discount and get rebates for environmentally friendly practices. This Scary Map Shows How Climate Change Will Transform Your City Click on your city, and the map will pinpoint a modern analog city that matches what your climate may be in 2080. Milne, R.S. ... Sea-Level Rise. The Water Utility provides more than 1.3 million customers in King County with a reliable water supply; the Drainage and Wastewater Utility collects and disposes of sewage and storm water; and the Solid Waste Utility collects and disposes of recycling, yard waste, and residential and commercial garbage. Nunn, A.J. A LANDMARK UN report has warned sea levels will rise way faster than first thought by 2100, so how much of the UK will be under water by that time? Using data from scores of stations around the world, scientists can calculate a global average and adjust it for seasonal differences. Only in Alaska and a few places in the Pacific Northwest are sea levels falling, though that trend will reverse under high greenhouse gas emission pathways. About half of the measured global sea level rise on Earth is from warming waters and thermal expansion. The base digital elevation model (DEM) used in the analysis was produced using data from the 2016 regional LiDAR project by King County & the Puget Sound LiDAR Consortium. Learn how to manage your account, pay your bills, view usage, and understand your rates. https://www.ipcc.ch/site/assets/uploads/sites/3/2019/11/SROCC_FinalDraft_Chapter3.pdf, https://report.ipcc.ch/srocc/pdf/SROCC_SPM_Approved.pdf, http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar5/wg1/WG1AR5_SPM_FINAL.pdf. As the world warms, land ice and ice shelves melt, with their water flowing into the global oceans. Map by NOAA Climate.gov based on data provided by Philip Thompson, University of Hawaii. In many locations along the U.S. coastline, high-tide flooding is now 300% to more than 900% more frequent than it was 50 years ago. Leuliette, E. (2014). Sea level is measured by two main methods: tide gauges and satellite altimeters. Seattle Public Utilities provides land survey services only to other City of Seattle departments but has data for everyone to use. Roads, bridges, subways, water supplies, oil and gas wells, power plants, sewage treatment plants, landfills—the list is practically endless—are all at risk from sea level rise. Photos courtesy of Louis H. Pedersen (1917) and Bruce F. Molina (2005), obtained from the Glacier Photograph Collection, Boulder, Colorado USA: National Snow and Ice Data Center/World Data Center for Glaciology. Based on their new scenarios, global sea level is very likely to rise at least 12 inches (0.3 meters) above 2000 levels by 2100 even on a low-emissions pathway. Learn about our commitment to equitable service and civic partnerships. Maps forecast large areas of Nelson under water from sea-level rise. NOAA Climate.gov graphic, adapted from Figure 3.15a in State of the Climate in 2018. For the densely populated Atlantic seaboard north of Virginia and the western Gulf of Mexico, sea level rise will likely be higher than the global average for all pathways. By overlaying social and economic data on a map that depicts sea level rise, a community can see the potential impact that sea level rise can have on vulnerable people and businesses. The map of the United Kingdom is … A., and White, N. J. Electricity is provided by Seattle City Light, a separate department with its own website. These changes will put pressure on drinking water supplies, food production, property values, and more, in the U.S. and all around the world. Between 1993 and 2018, mean sea level has risen across most of the world ocean (blue colors). Ice loss from the Greenland Ice Sheet increased seven-fold from 34 billion tons per year between 1992-2001 to 247 billion tons per year between 2012 and 2016. To squeeze or stretch the graph in either direction, hold your Shift key down, then click and drag. (2011). If Earth's climate continues to warm, then the volume of present-day ice sheets will decrease. Sea level has risen 8–9 inches (21–24 centimeters) since 1880. Globally, sea levels have risen about 7 inches since the beginning of the 20th century. Learn about the water system, water quality labs, and metering. Parris, A., P. Bromirski, V. Burkett, D. Cayan, M. Culver, J. In: IPCC Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate [H.- O. Pörtner, D.C. Roberts, V. Masson-Delmotte, P. Zhai, M. Tignor, E. Poloczanska, K. Mintenbeck, M. Nicolai, A. Okem, J. Petzold, B. Rama, N. Weyer (eds.)]. Merrifield, G.A. Chapter 3: Polar regions. We partner with schools to promote green practices. Naturally occurring ocean climate cycles can also play a role in temporarily masking or enhancing the effects of climate change on sea level rise. Construction Resources. SPU has several financial assistance resources available, including flexible payment plans, utility discounts, and emergency bill assistance. The scenarios differ based on potential future rates of greenhouse gas emissions and differences in the plausible rates of glacier and ice sheet loss. If we follow a pathway with high emissions, a worst-case scenario of as much as 8.2 feet (2.5 meters) above 2000 levels by 2100 cannot be ruled out. Pelto, M. (2019). Sea level can rise by two different mechanisms with respect to climate change. In IPCC Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate [H.-O. [online pdf] http://www.star.nesdis.noaa.gov/sod/lsa/SeaLevelRise/documents/NOAA_NESD.... Accessed November 18, 2019. Antarctic ice loss nearly quadrupled from 51 billion tons per year between 1992 and 2001 to 199 billion tons per year from 2012-2016. NOAA Climate.gov graph, adapted from Figure 8 in Sweet et al., 2017. Large images: 1917 | 2005. As global temperatures continue to warm, sea level will continue to rise. The darker line is based on University of Hawaii Fast Delivery sea level data. We also help manage construction waste. [online] http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar5/wg1/WG1AR5_SPM_FINAL.pdf. Seattle Public Utilities (SPU) is comprised of three major direct-service providing utilities: the Water Utility, the Drainage and Wastewater Utility, and the Solid Waste Utility. Will your city or county be flooded by 2020? Surveys in Geophysics, 32(4-5), 585–602. ALL SUCH SLR INFORMATION AND CONTENT IS PROVIDED ON AN "AS IS", "AS AVAILABLE" BASIS WITHOUT WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, ACCURACY, AND NON-INFRINGEMENT. Seattle has over 1,200 miles of sewer pipe. Geophysical Research Letters, 45(24), 13,367-13,376. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018GL081183, IPCC, 2019: Summary for Policymakers. Click on the map above for an interactive version. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) stated last month in a special report on the oceans that global average sea levels could rise by up to 1.1m by 2100, in the worst warming scenario. Do you have feedback to offer on this or another article?Let us know what you think. The weights for each gauge in the global mean are determined by a cluster analysis that groups gauges from locations where sea level tends to vary in the same way. Sea-Level Rise from the Late 19th to the Early 21st Century. NOAA Tech. Global warming is causing global mean sea level to rise in two ways. The most recent special report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change says we can expect the oceans to rise between 10 and 30 inches (26 to … How much it will rise depends mostly on the rate of future carbon dioxide emissions and future global warming. [Online: https://tidesandcurrents.noaa.gov/publications/techrpt83_Global_and_Regional_SLR_Scenarios_for_the_US_final.pdf], Sweet W. V., J. [online] http://cpo.noaa.gov/sites/cpo/Reports/2012/NOAA_SLR_r3.pdf. Changes in ocean currents such as the Gulf Stream can also affect sea levels by pushing more water against some coastlines and pulling it away from others, raising or lowering sea levels accordingly. High-tide flooding is already a serious problem in many coastal communities, and it is only expected to get much worse in the future with continued rising seas. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Stocker,T.F., D. Qin, G.-K. Plattner, M. Tignor, S.K. They depict how much various regions of the world have warmed or cooled when compared with a base period of 1951-1980. A third, much smaller contributor to sea level rise is a decline in the amount of liquid water on land—aquifers, lakes and reservoirs, rivers, soil moisture. Find everything to research, obtain permits, install, inspect, or restore pavement for construction involving water lines. Vital Signs of the Planet: Global Climate Change and Global Warming. (Explore past and future frequency of high-tide flooding at U.S. locations with the Climate Explorer, part of the U.S. We have programs to help you save on your utility costs. Rep. NOS CO-OPS 083. PO Box 34018, Seattle, WA, 98124-5177 The higher worst-case scenario—which is extremely unlikely, but can’t be ruled out—is largely due to new observations and modeling on ice loss from Antarctica and Greenland. Sea-Level Rise ("SLR") information is prepared for use by The City of Seattle for its internal purposes only, and is not designed or intended for use by members of the public. In the early 20th century, the glacier met the water and calved icebergs into a marginal lake near the bay. Payne, W.T. Allen, J. Boschung, A. Nauels, Y. Xia, V. Bex and P.M. Midgley (eds.)]. Explore information about some of Seattle Public Utilities' completed construction projects, including summaries and documentation. (2016). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Ocean Service, Silver Spring, MD. Frightening climate change map shows Scottish cities under water in 2050 The worst affected parts of Scotland are coastal areas, but the North and South Uist in … Using data from scores of stations around the world, scientists can calculate a global average and adjust it for seasonal differences. Summary for Policymakers. South Beach, Miami on May 3, 2007. Tide gauge stations from around the world have measured the daily high and low tides for more than a century, using a variety of manual and automatic sensors. (2013). Their experts concluded that even with lowest possible greenhouse gas emission pathways, global mean sea level would rise at least 8 inches (0.2 meters) above 1992 levels by 2100. From 2018 to 2019, global sea level rose 0.24 inches (6.1 millimeters). First, glaciers and ice sheets worldwide are melting and adding water to the ocean. Cassotta, S., Derkesen, C., Ekaykin, A., Hollowed, A., Kofinas, G., Mackintosh, A., Melbourne-Thomas, J., Muelbert, M.M.C., Ottersen, G., Pritchard, H., and Schuur, E.A.G. This shift of liquid water from land to ocean is largely due to groundwater pumping. Sweet, W.V., Kopp, R.E., Weaver, C.P., Obeysekera, T., Horton, R.M., Thieler, E.R., and Zervas, C. (2017). The rate of sea level rise is accelerating: it has more than doubled from 0.06 inches (1.4 millimeters) per year throughout most of the twentieth century to 0.14 inches (3.6 millimeters) per year from 2006–2015. By 2050? [online: https://tidesandcurrents.noaa.gov/sltrends/] Accessed November 18, 2019. Sea Level Change. About the data used in the interactive graph. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA. Address: Climate Change Science Program, NOAA scientists conducted a review of the research on global sea level rise projections. Water levels account for the National Tidal Datum Epoch 1983-2001 (NTDE 83-01). Data from the Sea Level Rise Viewer were used to create an interactive map that shows how areas vulnerable to flooding today were often marshlands in 1863. We provide construction professionals with guidelines, specifications, and permits to connect to Seattle's water and sewer systems. It is based on a weighted average of 373 global tide gauge records collected by the U.S. National Ocean Service, UHSLC, and partner agencies worldwide. Park, J.J. Marra, C. Zervas and S. Gill (2014). Global mean sea level has risen about 8–9 inches (21–24 centimeters) since 1880, with about a third of that coming in just the last two and a half decades. http://www.star.nesdis.noaa.gov/sod/lsa/SeaLevelRise/documents/NOAA_NESD... https://tidesandcurrents.noaa.gov/sltrends/, http://cpo.noaa.gov/sites/cpo/Reports/2012/NOAA_SLR_r3.pdf, http://www.realclimate.org/index.php/archives/2019/03/alpine-glaciers-another-decade-of-loss/, https://tidesandcurrents.noaa.gov/publications/techrpt83_Global_and_Regional_SLR_Scenarios_for_the_US_final.pdf, https://tidesandcurrents.noaa.gov/publications/NOAA_Technical_Report_NOS_COOPS_073.pdf, Explaining the NOAA Sea Level Rise Viewer, Rising Sea Levels Threaten Hawaiian Sea Turtles’ Nesting Sites, Climate Change: Arctic sea ice summer minimum. Pfeffer, D. Stammer and A.S. Unnikrishnan. However, it’s uncertain whether that acceleration will continue, driving faster and faster sea level rise, or whether internal glacier and ice sheet dynamics (not to mention natural climate variability) will lead to “pulses” of accelerated melting interrupted by slowdowns. Higher sea level also means more frequent high-tide flooding, sometimes called “nuisance flooding” because it isn't generally deadly or dangerous, but it can be disruptive and expensive. The non-vegetated vertical accuracy for the project is calculated at 0.172 feet (0.052 meters). In urban settings along coastlines around the world, rising seas threaten infrastructure necessary for local jobs and regional industries. Higher background water levels mean that deadly and destructive storm surges, such as those associated with Hurricane Katrina, “Superstorm” Sandy, and Hurricane Michael—push farther inland than they once did. Connect with coastal stakeholders across the country through this interactive map, which allows you to identify and share your observations and experiences with sea-level rise impacts along Canada's coastline. Also read about what to do if your bill seems too high. These two elements contribute to sea level rise. Realclimate.org. In the United States, the fastest rates of sea level rise are occurring in the Gulf of Mexico from the mouth of the Mississippi westward, followed by the mid-Atlantic. Drainage, and payment information for your construction or demolition project save money on Utilities icebergs into a lake... Some surrounding areas by 2020 ) ] Bromirski, V. Bex and P.M. Midgley ( eds. ).. Enhancing the effects of climate change and adding water to raise sea level rise is expected to significant. Cycle diagram, like the one below ; global warming is altering nearly every stage in the early 20th,. 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